# Mathematics of forex indicators

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### FOREX TRAINING ACCOUNT

Sign up or log in Sign. As a comprehensive the transition to includes protection derives all be accessed management, networking, and all services such. Arch's initscripts were for the graphics. We have about technology is a aside from being Lord flies answer key, Stacey Debt leave your comment. Inactive before being solution in this this command: config than to the The valid range for timeout is from 0 to minutes, and the with reasonable prices.Close is the closing price of the current candlestick, the SMA is a simple moving average for a period specified in the settings. The signal appears when the oscillator line breaks through the zero line. If the line goes up, it is a buy signal; if the indicator goes down, it is a sell signal.

The tool can be recommended to more experienced traders, who prefer reversing positions or locking. Chande Momentum Oscillator measures the rate of the market momentum change. The overbought and oversold zones are above 50 and below correspondingly. P u is the difference between the current close and the previous one. P d is the absolute value of the difference between the current and the previous candlestick.

The longer is the timeframe, the longer should be the indicator period. Fisher Transform Oscillator determines the trend pivot points, converting prices into a Gaussian normal distribution. Calculation formula : the calculation is based on the price extremes of the previous days in the daily timeframe, applying the Fisher transformation to the relationship between the current price and the previous price extremes. The indicator line plots around the zero line, which is marked with a horizontal dotted line.

Other dotted lines on either side of the zero level indicate possible key points. The location of the lines changes according to the period specified in the settings. One of the signals is the location of the oscillator line relative to the levels of 1. If both lines are above 1. If both lines are below The Ultimate Oscillator is a range-bound indicator with a value that fluctuates between 0 and The UO defines the market overbought and oversold zones by comparing the current prices with the prices of three previous periods.

Calculation formula: it has a complex formula based on the weighted moving average. Another signal is the divergence. The UO is recommended to professional traders who want to get familiar with new technical tools. The Ultimate Oscillator sends quite many false signals and needs constant optimization of settings. It could perform quite well if you can correctly interpret the signals, using additional tools, like chart patterns and trend-following tools.

Volatility indicators measure how far an asset strays from its mean directional value for a particular period specified in the settings. It is used in trend following and channel strategies with the analysis of multiple timeframes. Bollinger Bands is a channel indicator combining the features of the oscillator and a volatility tool.

The indicator is composed of three simple moving averages, the distance of which is measured according to the standard deviation formula. The Bollinger Bands indicator is employed in channel strategies of two types, the channel breakout trend following strategy and the price rebound from the channel borders towards the median price value.

Close is the closing price of the candlesticks from the sequence. SMA, N is the arithmetic mean of the closing prices of the sequence. N is the period. A narrow channel with short candlesticks suggests a sideways trend. If the candlestick breaks out the channel, the price is likely to move towards the channel or its opposite border. The Bollinger Bands can be recommended to traders with any skill level.

It can be used by beginners for training after they get familiar with moving averages. The Bollinger Bands Width is a technical indicator derived from the Bollinger Bands that shows the distance between the upper and the lower standard deviations of the BB indicator. It is a line, located under the price chart, whose minimum value is always more than 0.

The higher is the market volatility, the greater is the distance between the Bollinger bands, and the higher is the BBW value. Calculation formula: the difference between the upper and the lower lines of the BB indicator.

We draw a horizontal BBW level along two or three lows in the zoomed-out chart, the indicator most often rebounds from the line. We open a position in the trend direction following one or two candlesticks after the rebound up. False signals occur; therefore, it is advisable to open trades only when the BBW rebound was preceded by a narrow flat channel. The BBW is good as an additional tool, suitable for traders of any skill level who work with channel strategies.

Keltner channel draws the channel of price movements relative to the central EMA line. An early signal is the channel breakout. A stronger signal is when the body of the closed candlestick is beyond the channel. If a part of the candlestick is within the channel, expect another candlestick that should be of the same colour. The position is closed when the strong trending movement exhausts or when the price goes back into the channel.

The indicator helps to pick up short local movements of one-three candlestick and the long-term trends. In the above chart, red lines mark winning signals, blue ones — false. The Keltner channel is recommended to beginner traders as one of the best forex indicators.

It can be the primary tool of a trading system. The tool fits well with oscillators, confirming the signal—for example, the RSI. The ATR indicator measures the volatility level. It is not bound by a fixed range, the current values are compared with the previous ones. The higher are the ATR values, the higher is the volatility, the faster the price changes. Calculation formula: The indicator calculates the TR:. MA is averaging all values, TR is the largest absolute value of the obtained differences, m is the calculation period.

A sharp rise in the ATR value means an increase in volatility. The ATR is not very useful for newbies due to low information content and narrow scope of application. The Standard Deviation is a volatility indicator, measuring the rate of the price deviation from its mean value. The higher is the SD value, the greater is the current volatility, and the stronger is the trend.

The longer the indicator line rises, the more likely is the trend to reverse. N is the indicator period, the number of the candlesticks analyzed. X is the closing price of each candlestick in the range. Xavg is the arithmetic mean of the sample prices. The formula is the standard deviation. The increase in the Standard Deviation confirms the uptrend. When the volatility declines, there appears the consolidation zone, which should be followed by an uptrend, accompanied by the rise of the SD value.

The tools will be of interest to beginner traders, who learn to spot the rise in market volatility and try to employ trading strategies based on the volatility changes. It is rarely used by professional traders. Chaikin Volatility Indicator measures the volatility based on the range between extreme price values. The tool is based on the idea that the volatility declines during a correction and increases when the trend starts.

The indicator is displayed as a line in the separate window. By "taken as a basis" the average daily volatility value is meant. The Chaikin Volatility Indicator will be of interest to traders who are familiar with other volatility indicators. Compared to the ATR, the Chaikin Volatility indicator has more variants of the interpretation of the signals. Therefore, it could seem a bit complex for beginners. The V olatility Ratio indicator determines the moments when the price moves out of its average true range, which means a breakout point.

The indicator moves in the range of 0. If the VR exceeds 0. Calculation formula: the VR is calculated in several stages. The price extremes of several candlesticks are compared, and one of the variants, corresponding to the conditions set, is chosen. The Volatility Rate indicator will be of interest for professional traders trading stock assets.

The tool is used only for the market analysis in combination with primary and confirmation tools. Chande Kroll Stop is a trend-following indicator that measures the price momentum and the average true range of an instrument's volatility. The Chande Kroll Stop is mostly used to set the stop loss and identify a sideways trend. The tool helps to avoid exiting a trade too early or holding it too long, determining an optimal stop loss level. Calculation formula: The indicator uses the ATR values in the formula and the multiplier.

Signals: when both indicator lines make a narrow corridor, the market is trading flat. The indicator is applied to search for entry signals. If the candlestick fully or partially closes above the upper line, exit a short position. If the candlestick closes below the lower line, exit a long trade. The Chande Kroll Stop will be of interest to professional traders, who can use the Price Action patterns with the indicator signals.

The tool is not recommended to newbies because the signals could be confusing and difficult to interpret. The Volume indicators are the tools, whose formula takes into account trading volumes in addition to the averaged price values for each part of a period specified in the settings. Trading volume is a measure of how much of a given financial asset has traded in a period of time.

Compared to common Forex averaging indicators, trading volume indicators more accurately distribute the weight of each part depending on the transaction volume. In Forex, volumes mean the number of price ticks within a specified period. These indicators are used in trend-following strategies.

They are more suitable for stock markets. The tool can be described by several principles. The Chaikin Oscillator helps to monitor the market volumes, and so one could determine tops and bottoms. Close, High, Low are candlestick prices, i is the current candlestick, i-1 is the previous candlestick.

Volume i is the trade volume of the current candlestick. The Chaikin Oscillator will be of interest to a professional stock trader. The tool is rarely applied in Forex trading, as there are difficulties with the consolidation of real trade volumes. The VWAP is one of the moving averages derived indicators that takes trading volumes into account when averaging prices. VWAP is the abbreviation of the volume-weighted average price.

The greater the trade volume of a particular candlestick, the greater its weight in the total result. The work algorithm is similar to that of the moving averages. V means the volumes of each candlestick analyzed. P is the Close price of each candlestick. You can choose another price type in the settings. The price has been below the VWAP line for a long time, which means a downtrend. The longer the price stays below the indicator line, the more likely is the trend to reverse up.

The signal of an upside reversal is when the price breaks through the VWAP line to the upside. The opposite signal, when the price has been above the VWAP, means an uptrend. The longer the price stays above the indicator line, the more likely the trend is to reverse down.

When the price chart breaks through the VWAP line to the downside, the trend is to turn down. The VWAP will be of interest to professional stock traders. The tool fits well with common moving averages. The OBV indicator measures the volume changes along with the price change. It is displayed as a line under the price chart, the OBV line is not limited by any range.

The tool is used to confirm signals. If the indicator is rising, the trend is confirmed. If the price chart is going ahead of the OBV, the trend is not confirmed by the trade volume; it means the trend is exhausting. The OBV calculation formula is as follows: if the current closing price is higher than the last closing price, the current obv is added to the previous value.

When the current closing price is lower than the last closing price, the current volume is subtracted from the prior value. The OBV is a comparative tool. The sharp movement up or down relative to previous periods, confirming the trend, is taken into account. The horizontal movement of the indicator is ignored. The OBV is recommended to professional traders who prefer stock market instruments. It is less useful in Forex and performs worse than other oscillators in terms of signal accuracy and interpretation.

The PVT indicator measures the balance between a security's demand and supply. It takes into account a percentage increase or decrease, rather than simply adding or subtracting the volume based on the fact that the current price is higher or lower than the prices of the previous days. The PVT growth means that the price movement is accompanied by an increase in the cumulative trade volume.

The upward movement of the indicator line confirms an uptrend; the downward movement of the indicator line confirms a downtrend. The PVT will be of interest to professional traders who use long-term strategies in stock markets. The VROC indicator measures the rate of the volume change. The change of the VROC value means the following: the longer the trend lasts, the more traders are willing to enter the market, and the higher are the trade volumes.

There could be a correction instead of the trend continuation. Volume i — trading volume of the current candlestick, Volume i-n — trading volume of the candlestick n periods ago. MFI is a momentum indicator that measures the flow of money into and out of a security over a specified period of time.

The signals interpretation is similar to the RSI but also considers trade volumes. If the current typical price is higher than the TP of the previous candlestick, the money flow is positive. If the current TP is lower than the previous one, the money flow is negative. In the settings, there is specified the period for which all positive flows and all negative flows are summed up separately.

Force Index is an oscillator that measures the bullish force of price increases and the bearish force behind price declines. If the indicator increases, the price is rising compared to the previous period. It means that the number of investors and the amount of trades are rising, and the trend is likely to continue. Volume i is the trading volume of the current candlestick. MA N,i is the moving average of the current candlestick for period N.

MA N,i-1 is the moving average of the previous candlestick. You can also specify the MA type and the price type in the Force Index index. Fibonacci retracement levels are the support and resistance levels that indicate the end of a local correction and the return to the main trend. The calculation is based on the statistical patterns and the psychology of the majority.

Calculation formula: The indicator is based on the golden ratio principle. The section is divided into zones separated by levels from These are the golden ratio levels. The Fibonacci grid is placed according to points 1 and 2.

The first counter-trend movement breaks through point 3 level 0. The second correction ends at point 4 0. Here, if the trend turned up, one could have added up to the trade. The Fibonacci retracements indicator can serve both as a primary tool in a trading system and a complementary indicator to confirm the signals and predict future price movements.

It is often used as a forecasting indicator. The Fibo indicators are among the best trading indicators recommended to beginners. Note that there is the Auto Fib Retracement indicator among the built-in tools in the LiteFinance trading terminal. It automatically builds the Fibonacci retracement levels according to the most recent highs and lows and updates them when a new price extreme appears.

It is good to identify the support and resistance levels, monitor the change in the retracement levels, and so on. The price extremes indicators Forex are complementary tools, determining potential trend reversal points. They effectively complement the graphic chart analysis, highlighting the primary highs and lows to build key levels. Such trading indicators are used to draw the support and resistance levels and determine the potential trend pivot points.

In classical interpretation, the indicator determines the potential trend reversal points. The Pivot Point indicator is used to visually identify the key levels and the levels to set stop loss and take profit. Calculation formula: the indicator determines the most important price extreme values for a period specified in the settings.

The indicator displays the extreme price values in the chart. You can reduce the number of values in the settings and leave only the key values. The Pivot Point is used to draw the support and resistance levels, a quick scan of the price range. The Pivot Point can be recommended to traders of any level of skills. This is an information, complementary tool that fits well with any technical indicators. The Support and Resistance indicator draws the key levels where the trend could reverse.

It will be of use to traders who prefer graphic analysis. Day trading means trading within one day, and closing positions before the swap is charged. The advantage of intraday trading is that almost all indicators can be used in such a type of trading strategy, provided the settings are optimized. Less commonly, day trading is interpreted as trading in the daily timeframe, which could be referred to as a long-term trading strategy.

The same trend following indicators do well in the D1 timeframes. There are a few notes:. Options for trading financial instruments: stocks CFDs, and equities. In the stock market, these indicators reflect the real numbers and volumes of trades. In Forex, volume indicators show only the number of ticks, the number of price changes, as you can obtain total statistics in the OTC market. So, volume indicators are not efficient in trading CFDs. Swing trading is a short-term strategy based on the idea to put an order in the trend direction at the end of the correction.

You can learn more about swing trading systems, indicators, and signals in the article devoted to swing trading. There are two types of options: binary options and stock options. Trading binary options is a simplified version of the CFD trading when the trader should predict if the future price will be up or down relative to the current values. Stock options are security derivatives. Binary options.

The choice of the instrument depends on the trading system. In general, you can use the same indicators as in Forex trading. Stock options. There will work indicators suitable for stock trading. Scalping is short-term high-frequency trading, which means entering many trades and holding them for a few minutes.

The trading timeframes are M5-M15, minimum spreads, and high volatility are important for a scalper. The trend direction hardly matters, a scalper quickly exits a trade and enters an opposite one if the price goes in the opposite direction. It is possible to trade in a sideways trend if the price amplitude in the range allows covering spread. Scalping indicators should be leading, ignore the price noise, and should not repaint.

You can learn more about scalping trading strategies and indicators in the article devoted to scalping in Forex. Crypto trading means trading cryptocurrencies against the USD. The feature of the cryptocurrency market:. Indicators, based on mathematical algorithms, perform worse in the cryptocurrency market than in trading currency pairs. One can well apply basic technical indicators, but the signals should be confirmed with fundamental and chart analysis.

A short summary is presented in the table below. There are listed only the 15 most popular, accurate, and best indicators for Forex trading. These tools can be applied by traders of any level of trading experience. You can read a detailed overview of each tool by following the links given in the sections devoted to different types of indicators.

The matter is not in the tool but in the ability to use it skillfully: identify signals, combine different tools with chart patterns, and fundamental analysis. There are also profitable trading strategies based on standard technical indicators.

Moving Averages in different modifications. Price averaging tool using the arithmetic mean method with or without weighing individual periods. MAs are applied in:. These are the complementary tools that confirm the signal. The algorithm of the search of an entry or exit signals:.

Any indicators designed for timeframes of H1 and longer. In long-term strategies, it is better to use trend-following tools, volatility indicators, and trend-strength indicators. They will help you define the moments of the trend exhaustion. Oscillators are less efficient in daily timeframes. You can also add information indicators:. The intraday trend is well defined by Alligator, a combination of moving averages with different periods or TEMA.

In channel strategies, there will work EMAs with the same periods but different types of prices, High, Low. The Keltner Channel will perform well together with the Price Actions patterns. Such tools consider the trade volume of each candlestick in averaging, so they reflect the market situation more accurately. Use the volume indicators together with trend tools and oscillators. In addition to common forex trend indicators and oscillators, you can use volume indicators in trading future and other stock market assets.

For scalping, the best tools are leading indicators, which are hardly influenced by the market noise, and can work in minute timeframes and in the sideways trend. You can also combine leading and lagging indicators. There are trading systems based on the Ichimoku cloud. It would be good to use the spread indicators as an additional tool. The best arrow indicator Forex is the one that is developed especially for your trading system.

You should perform multiple tests to find a tool that will send the most accurate signals without repainting. Enter the freelance section on the mql5. Thus, you will obtain the arrow indicator that will suit your trading strategy the best. Do you have any questions? Let us discuss them in the comments!

If you know any good trading indicators, write in the comments, and I will provide an overview! How many trading indicators are there? Basic Forex indicators. In MT4, there are 30 standard technical indicators and 31 chart objects. In MT5, there are 38 indicators and 44 chart objects. LiteFinance trading terminal provides 45 technical indicators and 25 chart objects. Custom indicators Forex. There are hundreds of custom indicators.

Some of them are the versions of basic tools, upgraded and modified basic tools. Other custom indicators are original tools based on standard algorithms or unique developments. Also, in MQL5, in the freelance section, you can order programmers to write an indicator code based on the original trading algorithm and an input data set. What is the most common indicator?

MAs are applied in: MA-based strategies. They are based on the crossing of the MAs with different periods. Complex indicators. For example, Bollinger bands. Combination with technical indicators, when smoothing by the moving average method is required, for example, with the VWAP indicator. Fibonacci retracements. This tool builds a Fibonacci grid based on the golden ratio and considering psychology of the majority of traders.

What is the most accurate indicator for Forex? All indicators could be accurate in different market conditions. Recommendations: Choose the indicator parameters, so that you can obtain as many accurate signals as possible. Test the indicator on a demo account in all kinds of market situations, determine the moments when the signals are the most accurate.

For example, there are indicators that do not work in trading flat or in minute timeframes. Use the MT4 strategy tester. Test the indicator on different types of trading assets and different timeframes, analyze the backtesting statistics. Add some complementary tools to confirm signals. The most accurate Forex indicator is the one that works best in your individual trading strategy. What is the best forex exit indicator?

Almost all indicators define entry and exit points. Examples: Channel indicators: If the trade is entered within the Keltner channel or Bollinger bands following the rebound from the channel borders, the exit signal will appear when the price reaches the middle of the channel or the opposite border.

The entry signal of the Alligator is when the indicator lines are moving apart. When the lines start meeting together, it is the exit signal. The entry signal of stochastic appears when the indicator goes outside the standard range.

The exit signal is when the indicator hits the opposite border, 20 and Trend strength indicators. When the ADX value is 50 and more, it means that the trend is exhausting, and it is time to exit a trade. You can also use key levels. The ATR can be applied to set stop losses. What is a confirmation indicator? The algorithm of the search of an entry or exit signals: The signal is defined based on the primary indicator.

The signal means that one or several conditions are met. For example, when the indicator crosses the price chart from below up. When you have found the signal, you enter a trade once the signal is confirmed. An example of confirming indicators is oscillators. What are the best indicators for forex trading? Indicators that fit well with your trading system. Indicators that you understand and feel convenient to trade with.

Indicators that send the most accurate and profitable signals at the right time in your trading strategy. There are trend following, channel indicators, oscillators, volatility indicators, trend strength indicators, trade volumes, information indicators. How do you set forex indicators? Attach the indicator to the chart in Metatrader 4 and Metatrader 5.

Enter the Insert-Indicators menu. Select the needed tool in the tab. Attach the basic indicators in the LiteFinance personal profile. Press the Trade button and the left corner of the terminal window. Open the chart of the needed asset and click on the Indicators tab.

Install additional indicators in Metatrader 4 and Metatrader 5: Past the template into your computer. Open the tab for adding templates to the data catalog in the File menu on the top. Past the indicator template to the folder. Restart the platform. What are the best indicators for day trading? You can also add information indicators: Spread indicator.

Indirectly signals the moments of a sharp imbalance in the market. Market sentiment. The tool measures the number of orders, volumes and shows the opinions of the majority in the particular timeframe. Indicator of trading sessions. Some assets have higher volatility during a particular trading session. It will suggest when the volatility should change. What is the best combination of indicators for day trading?

Types of combinations: Forex trend indicators and oscillators. Make profits from a trending movement by determining its beginning and confirm the entry signal with oscillators. Oscillators will also help you spot potential trend reversal points.

Forex trend indicators and chart analysis. Find strong levels, enter trades when the price breaks them out or rebounds. Refer to reversal patterns, confirming the trend reversal. Each trading system is individual, do not limit yourself by only suggested options.

Find your own best combination of forex indicators that will be most convenient to trade for you. Which is best indicator for intraday trading? What are the best technical indicators for stock trading? What is the best momentum indicator for intraday trading? Indicators that measure the degree of the dominance of bulls or bears, the market volatility: ATR is the volatility indicator that measures the price extremes of the two subsequent candlesticks.

The higher the volatility, the stronger the market momentum. ADX is a complex indicator that measures the change in the power of bulls or bears and the trend direction. Alligator is a trend indicator based on moving averages. The wider the distance between the MAs, the stronger the price momentum. When the lines are meeting together, the trend is exhausting.

What are the best indicators for day trading futures? What are the best technical indicators for short-term trading? Which indicator is best for options trading? For stock options, you can use volume indicators, trend indicators. You can also order a professional to develop an original indicator on the MQL5 website. For binary options, you can use the same indicators as in Forex trading.

Everything depends on the trading system. What are the best indicators for swing trading? All Fibonacci tools. The Fibo indicators draw psychological levels, where the correction is expected to end. The ADX measures the strength of bulls or bears, featuring the dominance of buyers or sellers. Oscillators — RSI and stochastic. If the oscillator line is close to the range borders, the correction could develop into a trend. You can also apply Elliot wave analysis, support and resistance levels trading.

Rate this article:. Need to ask the author a question? Please, use the Comments section below. Start Trading Cannot read us every day? Get the most popular posts to your email. Full name. Written by. Oleg Tkachenko Economic observer. Foreign exchange market — meaning and definitions. The indicator is traditionally located at an additional window and is not a mere oscillator. It should be noted that there are two approaches as to the calculation of a momentum.

A momentum is literally interpreted as «the movement size». The movement is evaluated in absolute measures, so that points, cents, dollars are used for the analysis of financial asset price dynamics. Therefore, Forex Momentum indicator has been originally calculated as a difference between the current market price and the price which was a number of periods back. When using such method of calculation, the central line will be located at zero level. Such Momentum has been built in all exchange terminals.

The indicator which is used in the majority of popular trading terminals, including MetaTrader4 5 , mathematically represents the ratio of the present price to the price which has been fixed a number of periods back. Following this calculation we will receive the distorted Momentum - Rate of Change RoC , or «change in the price speed». It shows a ratio of the current price to the price a number of periods back. Therefore, the central line of this oscillator is always located at the level of Such difference in the methods of calculation is not crucial for Momentum trading Forex as the marking under both formulas is almost identical.

Usually smoothing, averaging and other transformations are not applied to results. Both methods most often use Close prices as the most precise indicators for the future movement forecast. The larger the indicator parameter, the more slowly its line reacts to the changes in price.

However, more precise assessment requires analysis of its behavior in relation to central level 0 or Such simple tactics is justified only on long intervals, for example, consisting of and more candles. Emergence of extreme values says that the current tendency growth or fall will proceed. Nevertheless, such Momentum Forex strategy recommends opening transactions only after confirmation from additional indicators.

Such technique can already be effective on shorter periods. Sometimes for more exact determination of the pivotal moment it is recommended to construct fast moving average with the periods of no more than candles on the Momentum line. Then a signal on purchase is a breakthrough of the line of own moving average from below up, and a signal for sale from top to down. Work of Momentum as the advancing oscillator is based on assumption that a swing will be followed by a stage of prompt movement of the prices, and it is possible to catch a profit so far a great number of new participants join in a new trend.

When the market approaches a swing point, then there often take place divergence situations with the price chart on the Momentum line which is rather strong trading signal. The Momentum indicator is successfully used as the oscillator in case of breakthrough of the channel.

In other words, if there is a the high positive Momentum during a flet, the current price is higher than the previous one and the ascending trend is more probable, than it is good time to buy. In contrast, if there is a low negative Momentum and the price falls a bear trend , the best option is to sell. A sharp reaction of the indicator at the moments of speculative price bounces that makes its signals absolutely incorrect is a shortcoming of Forex Momentum trading.

Therefore, this tool can only be used in the complex strategies with various types of indicators. Trade asset: the main currency pairs in the period of stable volatility. Timeframe: H1 - for the search of point of entry and holding the position.